|Photo by Going Down 2014|
When Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution became widely accepted after publication of his book in 1859, despite the lack of supporting evidence according to Darwin himself, it caused a panic in some Christian circles. Surely adhering to the Biblical, six-day account of God’s creation of everything from nothing would make the church look ridiculous in the world’s eyes, especially among scholars.
But trying to adapt God’s Word to changing times was then, and will always be, a grave error. Jesus Christ, Who died for the sins of the world (John 1:29) and rose again to prove His divinity (1 Corinthians 15:1-4), so that all who trust Him as Lord and Savior would have eternal life (John 3:16), is unchanging. He is the Word (John 1:1), and He is the same, yesterday, today, and forever (Hebrews 13:8).
The heaven and earth will one day pass away, but God’s Word will never pass away, for it is unchanging and everlasting (Matthew 24:35). No wonder Scripture warns of a terrible penalty for anyone who adds to, changes, or takes away from the words of this Book (Revelation 22:18-19), yet that is exactly what all the new translations and revisions have done.
After evolution had become the catchword of the day, Cyrus I. Scofield wrote notes in his 1909 study Bible that he perhaps thought would help reconcile Darwinian and Biblical accounts of how the world came to be. His thoughts, often referred to as the gap theory, interposed a long, event-filled period of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2:
1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
The rest of Genesis 1 describes an overview of what God created, by the words of His mouth, on each of the six literal days of creation. Scofield proposed that God had at one time created the heaven and the earth (Genesis 1:1), but that something terrible happened between verses 1 and 2, presumably Lucifer falling from heaven (Isaiah 14:9-14) and destroying the earth as Satan, so that the perfect universe God had made was now shapeless, empty, and dark.
Would God allow Satan such complete power to annihilate His beloved creation? When He did destroy the earth by flood to judge mankind for his wickedness, it was by His own hand (Genesis 6:13), after preservation of a faithful remnant (Noah and his family) and representatives of His animal creation (Genesis 7:7-9). God Himself formed the earth and made it not in vain, but to be inhabited (Isaiah 45:18).
This undefined, presumably long, time period Scofield implied between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 could theoretically allow time for the processes of evolution to occur, thus not offending the Darwinian “scientists” while still tipping the hat to God overseeing the whole process.
But God is not the author of confusion, but of peace (1 Corinthians 14:33). Why would He spell out in specific detail what happened on each of the days of creation, emphasizing that each of these was a literal, 24-hour day (each framed by an evening and morning, as is the Hebrew tradition), and then leave out so many vital details between the very first and second verse of the Bible? (Genesis 1:5,8,13,19,23,31)
Is it not more reasonable to assume that Genesis 1:1 is a summary statement, known in English composition as a topic sentence, giving us an overview of what the rest of the chapter will describe, namely how God created everything from nothing? And that Genesis 1:2 describes the very first step of the process, namely that God first created the space to which He would add all good things comprising His creation?
Critics of this theory say that God would have simply created a finished product, rather than going through an amorphous phase. But Genesis 2:7 gives us further insight into God’s creative process. He did not speak Adam, the first man, into being as a finished product. Instead, He formed Adam from the dust of the ground – an amorphous, empty, drab material, much like the earth when it was shapeless, empty and dark.
Just as the power of the Spirit moved across the waters to transform the earth (Genesis 1:2), God breathed the Spirit into Adam’s nostrils to make him a living soul (Genesis 2:7). God made man in His (plural) own triune image, reflecting the Father, Son and Holy Spirit in man’s soul, body, and spirit (Genesis 1:26-27).
So perhaps we can draw some inferences about God’s creative processes from those of artistic geniuses in the human realm. An artist such as Leonardo da Vinci begins with a blank canvas, then fills the space with line, shape and color to transform it into a glorious painting. A sculptor such as Michelangelo begins with a seemingly shapeless, rough, drab mass of marble, then frees from within it a polished, dramatic, evocative sculpture reflecting light and emotion.
The producer of a play begins with an empty, dark stage and populates it with sets, lighting, props and actors who tell a meaningful, gripping story where once there was nothing. A major difference between the creative process of these human artists and the ultimate creative genius of God Himself is that He alone supplied even the raw materials – the blank canvas or stage – which He filled with all things that are good (John 1:3).
We see many examples of this in nature, such as the caterpillar that completely dissolves within the chrysalis to an amorphous soup to emerge as a butterfly, an entirely new creature. In the spiritual realm, God can take the shapeless, drab fragments of clay that represent the life of a sinner, and add meaningful form, utility and light, representing a sinner saved by grace to become a new vessel suitable for His use (Isaiah 29:16; 64:8; Jeremiah 18:4; Romans 9:21).
Only God could transform the darkness, chaos and abject failure that seemed to permeate the death of Jesus on Calvary’s cross into eternal light, hope and victory over sin, hell and death as Christ rose again! (Matthew 27:45-53; 28:5-10).
Praise God that He alone can make something from nothing, and beauty from ashes! (Isaiah 61:3) Praise God that He does not stop there, but adds light, purpose, and design to accomplish His purpose through His creation and through each one of us who trusts Him!
© 2017 Laurie Collett
The idea of the "Gap Theory" is an interesting one, because for a while I too believed in it, without realising that I was leaving the door ajar for Darwinism. I have now repudiated the theory for the proper meaning of Genesis 1:1, as you say, an overview of his initial creation.
But throughout my 40+ years of being a Christian, I have come across graduates who are into Theistic Evolution, and even others who were into Darwinism entirely. The worst thing about this was that the Senior Pastor, along with the Deacons, promoted these graduates into church responsibilities, especially with children (known by us as Junior Church). Because of not holding a degree myself, I was always passed over, even on one occasion with the explanation that I was "not qualified enough" to teach.
But just to say that Theistic Evolution cannot be reconciled with the Bible. This theory insists that Adam and Eve had parents going back to ape-like ancestry, who all died - before Eve bit into the forbidden fruit. Yet there are graduates to this day who embrace Theistic Evolution without realising that if death existed before Adam and Eve, then sin was not the cause of death. If sin did not bring death into the world but rather, it existed during pre-Adamic times, then the Atonement made by Jesus Christ on the Cross, along with his Resurrection, had lost all its power, making the Crucifixion non-effective.
An excellent post, God bless.
Excellent point, that evolution strikes at the heart not only of creation, but at the atonement of Christ for Adam and Eve's original sin, which brought the curse of death. Before their sin, there was no death, which is why all the animals were herbivores. Thanks as always for sharing your Scriptural insights.
Great post, Laurie.
If the Bible is in error about creation, then every other teaching in it is also suspect and cannot be trusted. As Frank pointed out even the doctrines of sin and salvation lose relevance, and Christianity becomes just another religion. Since God was the only one there, he is the only one qualified to testify as to what happened, despite all the degrees his detractors may hold.
Thanks, Donald! Great point, that God was the only Witness, and He cannot lie. We need to trust Him and not false teachers speaking vain philosophies.
What a beautiful post, Laurie! I'm thankful to have run across it. God bless you!
Thank you, Connie, I'm so glad you stopped by! God bless you too!
I agree with you in part, only because I have read some accounts of “the gap theory” that include zero possibility of evolution and have only to do with the separate creation and fall of angelic beings prior to the fall of man.
The term “without form and void” is used only one other place in the Bible, Jeremiah 4:23, referring to God laying waste completely as a result of His judgement, however God will reveal all in His time...it isn’t a thing that we need to know in order to be transformed by His saving grace, and if and when He wants us to know more about it, He will do so. :)
Thank you for your comment and for the reminder about Jer. 4:23. Praise God that He will reveal all when we see Him face to face, and that we will then know Him as we ourselves now are known by Him!
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